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PENGARUH KONSUMSI, PRODUKSI, KURS DOLLAR AS DAN PDB PERTANIAN TERHADAP IMPOR BAWANG PUTIH INDONESIA

Drs. I Wayan Yogi Swara, M.S., I Wayan Yogi Swara (2014) PENGARUH KONSUMSI, PRODUKSI, KURS DOLLAR AS DAN PDB PERTANIAN TERHADAP IMPOR BAWANG PUTIH INDONESIA. E-JURNAL EKONOMI PEMBANGUNAN UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA, 3. ISSN 2303-0178

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Sebagai negara agraris, Indonesia dilimpahi potensi yang sangat besar di sektor pertanian. Namun saat ini masalah yang terjadi di sektor pertanian cukup mengganggu perekonomian Indonesia. Impor produk hortikultura terus melonjak seakan membuktikan produk hortikultura tidak mampu bersaing. Berdasarkan data BPS, komoditas hortikultura yang diimpor paling tinggi adalah bawang putih. Penelitian yang dilakukan di Indonesia periode 2002-2011 ini bermaksud untuk mengetahui pengaruh konsumsi, produksi, kurs dolar AS dan PDB pertanian terhadap impor bawang putih Indonesia. Selain itu penelitian ini juga dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap impor bawang putih dengan menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil analisis menunjukkan secara serempak konsumsi, produksi, kurs dolar AS dan PDB pertanian berpengaruh signifikan terhadap impor bawang putih. Secara parsial variabel konsumsi dan PDB pertanian berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap impor bawang putih. Sedangkan, variabel produksi dan kurs dolar AS tidak berpengaruh signifikan dan variabel yang paling berpengaruh terhadap impor bawang putih adalah PDB pertanian. Kata kunci:Impor bawang puti ,konsumsi, produksi, kurs dolar AS, PDB Petanian ABSTRACT As an agricultural country, Indonesia has great potentials in the agricultural sector. But nowadays,the problem occurred in the agricultural sector is quite disturbing indonesian's economic. The increasing of horticultural products import, showed as if horticultural products could not compete. Based on data from BPS, horticultural commoditiy imported highest is garlic. This research intended to determine the influence of consumption, production, U.S. dollar exchange rate and the GDP of agriculture to the import of garlic in Indonesia. Besides that, this research also aimed to determine the variables that most affected the import of garlic, which used linear regression analysis. The results showed that consumption, production, U.S. dollar exchange rate and the GDP of agricilture effected simutaniosly and significant to the import of garlic. Then partially, consumption and the GDP of agriculture has significant and positive effect to the import of garlic. Production and the U.S. dollar exchange rate had no significant effect and the variables that most affected to the import of garlic in indonesia is GPD of agriculture. Keywords: The import of garlic, consumption, production, U.S. dollar exchange rate, the GDP of Agriculture

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: -
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Education
Depositing User: Mr. Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 21:58
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2016 05:58
URI: http://erepo.unud.ac.id/id/eprint/1820

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