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Human behavior and opportunities for parasite transmission in communities surrounding long tailed macaque populations in Bali, Indonesia

Drh. Aida Louise Tenden Rompis, AIDA LOUISE TENDEN ROMPIS (2014) Human behavior and opportunities for parasite transmission in communities surrounding long tailed macaque populations in Bali, Indonesia. American Journal of Primatology, 76. ISSN 1098-2345

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Abstract

Spatial overlap and shared resources between humans and wildlife can exacerbate parasitetransmission dynamics. In Bali, Indonesia, an agricultural?religious temple system providessanctuaries for long?tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis), concentrating them in areas in closeproximity to humans. In this study, we interviewed individuals in communities surrounding 13 macaquepopulations about their willingness to participate in behaviors that would put them at risk of exposure togastrointestinal parasites to underst and if age, education level, or occupation are sig ni?cantdeterminants of exposure behaviors. These exposure risk behaviors and attitudes include fear ofmacaques, direct contact with macaques, owning pet macaques, hunting and eating macaques, andoverlapping water uses. We ?nd that willingness to participate in exposure risk behaviors are correlat edwith an individual’s occupation, age, and/or education level. We also found that because the actual risk ofinfection varies across populations, activities such as direct macaque contact and pet ownership, could beputting individuals at real risk in certain contexts. Thus, we show that human demographics and socialstructure can in?uence willingness to participate in behaviors putting them at increased risk forexposure to parasites. Key words: risk; gut parasite; long?tailed macaques; human behavior

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: -
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Education
Depositing User: Mr. Repository Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 21:58
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2016 05:58
URI: http://erepo.unud.ac.id/id/eprint/3840

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